Economics (NCERT) Notes

Economics (NCERT) Notes

• 1.1 Production and Allocation of Resources
• 1.2 Central Problem of Economy
• 1.3 Microeconomics and Macroeconomics
• 2.1 Cardinal Utility Analysis
• 2.2 Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility
• 2.3 Ordinal Utility Analysis and Indifference Curve
• 2.4 Features of Indifference Curve
• 2.5 The Consumer’s Budget
• 2.6 Price Ratio and the Slope of the Budget Line
• 2.7 Optimal Choice of Consumer
• 2.8 Demand
• 2.9 Law of Demand
• 2.10 Shifts in the Demand Curve
• 2.11 Market Demand
• 2.12 Elasticity of Demand
• 2.13 Elasticity Demand Curve
• 1.1 India Under British Rule
• 1.2 Status of Different Sectors of Economy
• 1.3 Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence
• 2.1 Types of Economies
• 2.2 Planning Commission
• 2.3 Land Reforms
• 2.4 Green Revolution
• 2.4 Trade and Industry
• 2.5 Trade Policy: Import Substitution
• 3.1 New Economic Policy
• 3.2 Liberalisation
• 3.3 Privatisation
• 3.4 Navratnas
• 3.5 Globalization
• 3.6 World Trade Organisation (WTO)
• 2.14 Relationship between Elasticity and Demand
• 2.15 Relationship between Elasticity and Expenditure
• 3.1 Production Function
• 3.2 Isoquant
• 3.3 The Short Run and the Long Run
• 3.4 Total Product, Average Product, and Marginal Product
• 3.5 The Law of Diminishing Marginal Product
• 3.6 Returns to Scale
• 3.7 Assessment of Indian Economy During Reforms
• 4.1 Assessment of Poverty
• 4.2 Categorisation of Poverty
• 4.3 The Challenge of Poverty
• 4.4 Policies for Poverty Alleviation
• 4.5 Assessment of Poverty Alleviation Programmes
• 5.1 Sources of Human Capital
• 5.2 Human Capital and Economic Growth
• 5.3 Human Capital and Human Development
• 3.7 Various Concepts of Costs
• 3.8 Shapes of the Short-Run Cost Curves
• 3.9 Long-Run Costs
• 4.1 Defining Features in Perfect Competition
• 4.2 Revenue of a Firm
• 4.3 Profit Maximization-I
• 4.4 Profit Maximization-II
• 4.5 Short-Run Supply Curve of a Firm
• 5.4 Assessment of Education Sector in India
• 6.1 Rural Development
• 6.2 Rural Credit System
• 6.3 Agricultural Market System in India
• 6.4 Diversification into Productive Activities
• 6.5 Infrastructure and Economic Development
• 6.6 Horticulture and other Alternate Livelihood Options
• 6.7 Organic Farming and Sustainable Development
• 7.1 Worker and Employment
• 7.2 Participation of People in Employment
• 7.3 Employment Scenario in India
• 7.4 Formal and Informal Sector
• 7.5 Unemployment in India
• 7.6 Government and Employment Generation
• 8.1 Importance of Infrastructure
• 8.2 Energy Sector
• 4.6 Long-Run Supply Curve of a Firm
• 4.7 Break-Even Point and Opportunity Cost
• 4.8 Determinant of a Firm’s supply curve
• 4.9 Market supply Curve
• 4.10 Price Elasticity of Supply
• 5.1 Market Equilibrium
• 5.2 Market Equilibrium for Fixed Number of Firms
• 5.3 Wage Determination in Labour Market
• 5.4 Impact of Shifts in Demand
• 5.5 Impact of Shift in Supply and Demand
• 5.6 Market Equilibrium: Free Entry and Exit
• 5.7 Shifts in Demand
• 5.8 Applications of Supply-Demand Analysis
• 6.1 Non-competitive Markets
• 6.2 Price Quantity Relationship for a Monopoly Firm
• 6.3 Total, Average and Marginal Revenues
• 6.4 Zero Cost Monopoly Firm
• 6.5 Equilibrium Condition for a Monopoly Firm
• 6.6 Comparison of Monopoly firm with Perfect Competition
• 6.7 Equilibrium of Monopolistic Competition
• 6.8 Behaviour of Firms in Oligopoly
• 8.3 Electricity Generation
• 8.4 Health Infrastructure
• 8.5 Public Healthcare in India
• 8.6 Private Healthcare in India
• 8.7 Critical Appraisal of Health Sector
• 9.1 Environmental Crisis
• 9.2 Global Warming and Ozone Depletion
• 9.3 State of India’s Environment
• 9.4 Pollution Control
• 9.5 Sustainable Development
• 9.6 Strategies for Sustainable Development
• 10.1 Comparison of Economies of India with its Neighbour
• 10.2 Reforms and China and Pakistan
• 10.3 Demographic Indicators of India, China, and Pakistan
• 10.4 An Appraisal of Developmental Strategies
• 1.1 Development
• 1.2 Human and Sustainable Development
• 2.1 Sectors of the Indian Economy
• 2.2 Employment Trends in India
• 2.3 Organised and Unorganised Sector
• 3.1 Money and Banking
• 3.2 Loans and Credit
• 3.3 Formal Sector Credit in India
• 4.1 Globalization and the Indian Economy
• 4.2 Foreign Trade and Integration of Markets
• 4.3 Factors affecting Globalization
• 4.4 Impact of Globalization in India
• 5.1 Consumer Rights
• 5.2 Consumer Movement in India
• 5.3 Consumer Protection Act
• 5.4 Case Studies of Consumer Rights
• 1.1 Factors of Production
• 1.2 Increasing Agricultural Productivity
• 2.1 People as Resource
• 2.2 Quality of Population
• 2.3 The Problem of Unemployment
• 3.1 The Challenge of Poverty
• 3.2 Inequality in Poverty
• 3.3 Global Fight Against Poverty
• 3.4 Public Distribution System in India
• 3.5 Anti-Poverty Measures
• 4.1 Food Security in India
• 4.2 Hunger and Food Insufficiency
• 4.3 Food Security System in India
• 4.4 Public Distribution System