Infant Mortality Rate (or IMR) indicates the number of children that die before the age of one year as a proportion of 1000 live children born in that particular year.
Literacy Rate measures the proportion of literate population in the 7 and above age group.
Net Attendance Ratio is the total number of children of age group 14 and 15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
Example of the effect of State Intervention
• Kerala has a low Infant Mortality Rate because it has adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities.
• In some states, the Public Distribution System (PDS) functions well and the health and nutritional status of people of such states is be better.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
• One way to find out if we are properly nourished is to calculate what nutrition scientists call Body Mass Index (BMI). This is easy to calculate.
• BMI= Weight (in kgs)/Height(in meter)2
• Usually BMI below 18.5 means undernourishment while BMI of more than 25 is overweight.
Some Data Regarding Indian and Its Neighbouring Countries (2015)