Economics (NCERT) Notes

8.5 Public Healthcare in India

Condition of PHCs


• The PHCs located in rural areas do not even offer X-ray or blood testing facilities, which for a city dweller, constitutes basic healthcare.


• At present, less than 20 per cent of the population utilises public health facilities.


• One study has pointed out that only 38 per cent of the PHCs have the required number of doctors and only 30 per cent of the PHCs have sufficient stock of medicines.


 


Expansion in the health services 1951–2013


• The number of government hospitals and dispensaries increased from 9,300 to 44,000


• Hospital beds increased from 1.2 to 6.3 lakh.


• Nursing personnel increased from 0.18 to 23.44 lakh and


• Allopathic doctors from 0.62 to 9.2 lakh.


• The expansion of health infrastructure has resulted in the eradication of smallpox, guinea worms and the near eradication of polio and leprosy.


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