Q8(b). ‘Without commonly shared and widely entrenched moral values and obligations, neither the law, nor democratic government, nor even the market economy will function properly.’
What do you understand by this statement? Explain with illustration in the contemporary times. (150 words, 10)
Moral values and obligation are in the nature of social contract that must be observed by all citizens for a peaceful and harmonious living. In a moral society, people follow the law voluntarily, work honestly, honour contracts, fulfil their obligations and trust each other. This leads to social harmony and expeditious development of the society.
When people lack moral values, coercive methods have to be taken by the government to force people to follow the law. This causes resistance, retaliation, misuse of power and corruption.
A good democracy requires honest and moral citizens. If people are immoral, they elect corrupt, caste-driven, communal or immoral leaders. The market economy also needs trust between the supplier and the customers.
In modern times, many politicians divide the society on the basis of caste and creed and garner votes with the promise to protect them from each other. Many people vote for the politicians who provide them illegal benefits, loan waivers and other freebees instead of honest and good leaders which leads to the rise of corrupt leaders in democracies. (175 words)