Q3. Some people feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others strongly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification. (150 words; 10 marks)
Human values are important and lasting beliefs or ideals, shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable. In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to take or which way is best to live, or to describe the significance of different actions.
Most of the human values are universal in nature which do not change with time and place. For example, human values of truth, honesty, love, compassion, faithfulness and courage are universal and eternal. However, some values like the role of a woman, obedience to parents, arrangement of marriage, etc. keep changing with time. For example, earlier, a good woman had to be submissive and serve the family while in modern times, she is considered equal to men. Similarly, men were earlier allowed to have more than one spouse, which is not permitted in modern times. (160 words)
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