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Surgical Strikes by India against Pakstan

Surgical Strikes by India against Pakstan
Background Border skirmishes between India and Pakistan are a part of the Indo-Pak wars and conflicts in the Kashmir valley. India had conducted surgical strikes against militant camps across the Line of Control in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir on 29th September 2016. This was in retaliation to a fedayeen attack by armed militants on an Indian army base camp near Uri on 18th September 2016, which had resulted in the deaths of nineteen soldiers of the Indian army. Similar attacks had earlier taken place in Pathankot and adjacent areas. The Indian Army conducted surgical strikes against militant terrorist groups such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad. On the 14th of February 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying armed forces personnel was ambushed by a suicide bomber on a vehicle, which resulted in the deaths of 40 CRPF personnel. Pakistan based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for the attack. On 18th February, a special team from the Indian armed forces killed two terrorists in an anti-terrorism operation. On 26th February, twelve Mirage 2000 jets of the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control and bombed areas of Balakot in Pakistan. India claimed that it attacked a Jaish-e-Mohammed training camp, killing a large number of terrorists. 2016 Surgical Strike After the attack in Uri, Pakistan claimed that India had no evidence to tie the origins of the attack to Pakistan. Indian reports claimed that cross-border conflict had increased following the unrest in the Kashmir Valley. Lt Gen Ranbir Singh, Indian Director General of Military Operations (DGMO), after the surgical strike, said that the armed forces had received very credible and definite intel regarding future terror attacks in the Kashmir valley and other parts of India, and thus the surgical strike was meant to put a stop to these. There had been no aerial strikes and the operation had been conducted on land. The Indian version of the events claimed that the attack had been conducted in areas across the LoC, which had shown the greatest concentration of terrorist activities. According to defense sources, the surgical strike began with Indian forces firing artillery across the frontier to cover teams of 70–80 soldiers from the 4th and 9th battalions of the Parachute Regiment to cross the LoC at several separate points shortly after midnight on 29th September. Supporting teams from 4 Para crossed the LoC in the Kupwara district, while teams from 9 Para simultaneously crossed the LoC in Poonch district. The forces had covered ground of 1-2 kilometers and had started to destroy terrorist bases with hand-held grenades and rocket launchers. The forces had returned to the Line of Control and suffered only one casualty. The Pakistani version rejected the claim that a surgical strike had taken place and held that India was trying to escalate conflicts. Media houses corroborated the story in the lines of the Indian version while simultaneously claiming that there was little damage to infrastructure. The surgical strike was widely praised all over India and within the international community as well. 2019 Pulwama Attack The Pulwama attack has been dubbed as the deadliest terror attack on the Indian armed forces in Kashmir since 1989. Although Pakistan had denied having any connections to it, the Jaish-e-Mohammed terror group has been known to operate within Pakistan. The perpetrator, Adil Ahmed Dar had reportedly become radicalized after being beaten up by the Indian police. He was driving the car which was carrying more than 300 kilograms of explosives including 80 kilograms of RDX. The reaction to the deadly attack was nothing short of violent. There were protests all over the country condemning the attack. World leaders condemned the JeM and expressed their condolences. India revoked Pakistan’s most favored nation status and increased customs duty on Pakistani goods to 200%. There was a call to ban Pakistani artists in the Entertainment Industry and sports channels announced that they would not stream Pakistan Super League cricket matches. On 20th February 2019, Pakistani prisoner Shakarullah was killed by inmates in the Jaipur Central Jail, an act that Pakistan claimed was a retaliation of the Pulwama attack. Kashmiri students all across the country faced tremendous backlash, as did Kashmiri traders and shopkeepers. On 27th February, Pakistan Air Force conducted airstrikes in Jammu and Kashmir in retaliation of the Indian airstrike of 26th February. An Indian MiG-21 was shot down in the dogfight between the Indian and Pakistani Air Forces over Pakistan and its pilot – Abhinandan Varthaman captured. Pakistan released him on the 1st of March. The attack was violently condemned by the government of India and leaders from Pakistan, who claimed that Pakistan had also been at the receiving end of terrorist activities of the Jaish-e-Mohammed.
Source: https://scroll.in/article/820348/did-the-surgical-strikes-actually-end-up-harming-indias-interests



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