Q7. At the international level, bilateral relations between most nations are governed by the policy of promoting one’s own national interest without any regard for the interest of other nations. This leads to conflicts and tension between the nations. How can ethical consideration help resolve such tensions? Discuss with specific examples. (10 marks) (150 words)
Our world is like a society of nations where nations are independent and sovereign. International relations must be based on mutual respect and mutual benefit instead of merely promoting one’s own national interest.
There have been two world wars in the last century due to the policy of promotion of national self-interest at the cost of others by some countries. However, the world realised the futility of wars and formed international organisations like the United Nations, World Bank, World Health Organization which increase cooperation and trust among the member nations by observing ethical conduct in international relations. If all countries follow ethical conduct in international relations, follow international laws and respect the international institutions, we can resolve global tensions and create a peaceful world.
Creation of European Union (EU) is an attempt to create a larger international body with a built-in mechanism to resolve disputes. BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) is also an attempt among larger countries for mutual cooperation. (163 words)
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