Solved Ethics Papers

Q7(b). Enclaves of Modernity and Prosperity

Q7(b) Increased national wealth did not result in equitable distribution of its benefits. It has created only some ‘enclaves of modernity and prosperity for a small minority at the cost of the majority’. Justify. (150 words, 10)
The advent of liberalization, globalization and privatization have strengthened the market economy in India and led to the increase of national wealth manifold. However, this growth has failed to distribute wealth in an equitable manner. It has led to the creation of more inequality within the country. Most of the growth is limited to only a few states and that too in a few cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru etc.
Market-based economies have thus resulted in social inequality since better-placed people can use the system to their advantage while the poor are at a disadvantage and fail to compete with them. For example, rich people can send their children to good schools and provide them better facilities. Hence, they have better chances of succeeding in the competitive world and get better jobs. Similarly, the rich people may set up new business and become even richer.
This uneven growth has thus created the enclave of modernity and prosperity for only a few at the cost of the vast majority of people in our country. (177 words)
Q7(b). Enclaves of Modernity and Prosperity
Looking for a One-stop Solution to prepare for ‘Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude’ and ‘Essay and Answer Writing’ for UPSC?
Buy Dr. Awdhesh Singh’s books from the links below-

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for Civil Services Examination
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Mastering Essay & Answer Writing for UPSC Civil Services
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Related Articles
• Q12. Ethical issues involved in the use of social media.
• Q4 (b) Differentiate ‘moral intuition” from ‘moral reasoning’.
• Q2 (b) Difference between ‘coercion' and 'undue influence’ in work environment
• Q9. A journalist fighting the stone mafia
• Q5(a). Trust deficit in Society
• Q4(b). Heavy Ethical Responsibility
• Q4(a). Which eminent personality has inspired you the most?
• Q3(b). Human Beings as an end in themselves
• Q2(b). Probity in Public Life
• Q1(b). Ethics in Public Life
Recent Articles
• Innovation and Creativity
• Love and hatred
• Religion and Spirituality
• Tulsidas
• Bureaucrat at the Temple
• Getting Fooled for Kindness
• Burning the boat
• Three Masons
• Two Salesmen
• Bhasmasur