Q7(b) Increased national wealth did not result in equitable distribution of its benefits. It has created only some ‘enclaves of modernity and prosperity for a small minority at the cost of the majority’. Justify. (150 words, 10)
The advent of liberalization, globalization and privatization have strengthened the market economy in India and led to the increase of national wealth manifold. However, this growth has failed to distribute wealth in an equitable manner. It has led to the creation of more inequality within the country. Most of the growth is limited to only a few states and that too in a few cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru etc.
Market-based economies have thus resulted in social inequality since better-placed people can use the system to their advantage while the poor are at a disadvantage and fail to compete with them. For example, rich people can send their children to good schools and provide them better facilities. Hence, they have better chances of succeeding in the competitive world and get better jobs. Similarly, the rich people may set up new business and become even richer.
This uneven growth has thus created the enclave of modernity and prosperity for only a few at the cost of the vast majority of people in our country. (177 words)