Q6(c). ‘I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who overcomes his enemies’. Aristotle (150 words; 10 marks)
This quote of Aristotle explains the importance of internal victories over external ones. It is possible to overcome our enemies by the use of force, strategies and even deceit. However, our victories over enemies are temporary since there is always a fear of revenge and losing the next battle. Hence, a person who defeats his enemy can’t enjoy lasting peace and happiness because he would fear losing the next battle.
It is more important and often more difficult to overcome our own desires because those come from within and we have to use our rational mind to overcome our irrational desires. However, when we overcome our desires, we enjoy lasting peace and happiness. We even lose desire to defeat others or gain more from the world for our happiness. This creates harmony within ourselves and with outside world. We must focus on internal victories more since it needs more courage to win ourselves than others. (155 words)