Solved Ethics Papers

Q3(b). Rationality and Morality in International Relations

Q. ‘The will to power exists, but it can be tamed and guided by rationality and principles of moral duty.’ Examine this statement in the context of international relations. (150 words) (10 marks)
International relations are broadly governed by two opposing principles,that is, political realism and idealism. According to realists, world politics is always a field of conflict among actors pursuing power. Their philosophy assumes that mankind is not inherently benevolent but rather self-centred and competitive. Since there is a lack of central authority and enforcement mechanisms at the international level, no one feels safe as the world is seen as a zero-sum game where one nation's benefit is always another nation's loss. As a consequence, power maximisation, and therefore, enhanced security becomes all-important for every nation. 
Political idealists rely on the goodness of human nature and advocate moral behaviour in international relations. If all nations think rationally and follow moral behaviour in international politics, like sovereign equality of states, refrain from using force, non-intervention, self-determination and respect for human rights, all nations are benefited and we can have a more peaceful and prosperous world.
(153 words)
Q3(b). Rationality and Morality in International Relations
Looking for a One-stop Solution to prepare for ‘Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude’ and ‘Essay and Answer Writing’ for UPSC?
Buy Dr. Awdhesh Singh’s books from the links below-

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for Civil Services Examination
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Mastering Essay & Answer Writing for UPSC Civil Services
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Related Articles
• Q12. Ethical issues involved in the use of social media.
• Q4 (b) Differentiate ‘moral intuition” from ‘moral reasoning’.
• Q2 (b) Difference between ‘coercion' and 'undue influence’ in work environment
• Q9. A journalist fighting the stone mafia
• Q5(a). Trust deficit in Society
• Q4(b). Heavy Ethical Responsibility
• Q4(a). Which eminent personality has inspired you the most?
• Q3(b). Human Beings as an end in themselves
• Q2(b). Probity in Public Life
• Q1(b). Ethics in Public Life
Recent Articles
• Innovation and Creativity
• Love and hatred
• Religion and Spirituality
• Tulsidas
• Bureaucrat at the Temple
• Getting Fooled for Kindness
• Burning the boat
• Three Masons
• Two Salesmen
• Bhasmasur