Q2(a). What do you understand by the terms ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and ‘ethical governance’? (150 words) 10
Governance refers to structures and processes that are designed to ensure accountability, transparency, responsiveness, rule of law, stability, equity and inclusiveness, empowerment and broad-based participation. It also represents the norms, values and rules of the game through which public affairs are managed. The machinery designed to provide governance is called ‘government’.
Good governance is when the government of a country performs its functions efficiently, effectively and for the good of citizens. Good governance is transparent, participatory, inclusive and responsive. It involves participation of citizens before framing policies and includes the involvement of public representatives in the implementation of government schemes for public welfare.
Ethical governance refers to the government where the officials follow the professional code of conduct and practice ethical values like equality, justice, impartiality and compassion. Ethical governance is also good governance since ethics and goodness are akin to each other and they complement each other. (148 words)