Q1(a). What is meant by ‘environmental ethics’? Why is it important to study it? Discuss any one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics. (150 words)
Environmental ethics is the discipline in philosophy that studies the moral relationship of human beings with, and also the value and moral status of, the environment and its non-human contents.
It is important to study environmental ethics because human beings are a part of the environment and so are the other living beings, including plants and animals. When we damage the environment, we suffer due to the imbalance of the ecosystem that sustains harmonious living on this planet. It exerts influence on a large range of disciplines including law, sociology, theology, economics, ecology and geography.
Environmental pollution is one of the major issues in India today because it affects the health of the people. It is leading to many types of respiratory diseases and causing many deaths every year. Pollution is caused due to the large-scale construction of roads and buildings, deforestation, exponential increase in motor vehicles, stubble-burning by farmers etc. We need to create public awareness, develop appropriate technologies and improve waste management to protect the environment. (170 words)
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