Q1(a). What are the basic principles of public life? Illustrate any three of these with suitable examples. (150 words). 10
The seven basic principles of public life according to Nolan Committee are selflessness, integrity, objectivity, accountability, openness, honesty and leadership. The three important principles are:-
1. Integrity – Public servants should be honest and they must not place themselves under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organizations. For example, they must avoid taking even small favours from people with whom they have official dealings as it may affect their impartial discharge of duties.
2. Openness – Public servants should be transparent in their decision-making. They must give reasons while taking any decisions and share the information with the public as widely as possible. Openness increases the trust of people in the government agencies.
3. Leadership – Public servants should be proactive in serving the people. They must promote and support these basic principles by becoming a role model themselves. For example, traffic police officers must themselves follow all traffic rules themselves to motivate others to do the same. (159 words)