Polity and Governance

Cauvery Water Management Scheme 2018

Cauvery Water Management Scheme 2018
•The Supreme Court in May 2018 put its stamp of approval on the Cauvery Water Management Scheme 2018 prepared by the Union government.
•Both Karnataka and Kerala wanted all dams and other installations to remain under their control.
Interstate River Water Disputes Act
•Article 262 of the Indian Constitution provides a role for the Central government in adjudicating conflicts surrounding inter-state rivers that  arise among the state/regional governments.
•It also provides that neither Supreme Court nor any other Court shall exercise jurisdiction in respect of any such disputes or complaint.
•The Interstate River Water Disputes Act, 1956 (IRWD Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted under Article 262 of Constitution of India on the eve of reorganization of states on linguistic basis to resolve the water disputes that would arise in the use, control and distribution of an interstate river or river valley.
•Cauvery issue was admitted by Supreme Court first time as a Special Leave Petition (SLP) challenging the award of the Tribunal.
Cauvery Water Management Scheme 2018
•Central Government notified the Cauvery Water Management Scheme on 01st June, 2018, constituting the ‘Cauvery Water Management Authority’ and the ‘Cauvery Water Regulation Committee’ to give effect to the decision of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal as modified by the Hon’ble Supreme Court vide its Order, dated 16th February, 2018.
•Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal has been dissolved vide Notification No. S.O. 3465(E) dated 16th July, 2018.
Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA)
•The authority will decide the sharing of the river water among the States of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
•The authority’s mandate will be to monitor the storage, apportion shares,
supervise operation of reservoirs and regulate water releases with the assistance
of the Regulation Committee. It will regulate water release by Karnataka at the Biligundulu gauge and discharge station.
•The CWMA will determine the total residual storage in the specified reservoirs on June 1 every year.
•The withdrawals will be allowed on the basis of the share worked out for each State.
•If Sttates do not cooperate in implementing the decision or direction of the Tribunal, it can seek the help of the Central Government for implementation of the Award of the Tribunal
•The chairman of the authority will be appointed by the Central government for a tenure of five years.
•He has to be a senior and eminent engineer with wide experience in water resource management or an IAS office in the rank of secretary or additional secretary.
•There will be two part-time members — representatives of the Central Government (JS Rank) and four part-time members from party States i.e. administrative secretaries of concerned departments
Cauvery Water Regulation Committee
•Government has also established Cauvery Water Regulation Committee that shall give effect to the decision of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal as modified by the Supreme Court order.
•This committee will meet every 10 days during months of June and October when the south-west and north-east monsoon set in and again after the monsoon. 
•Navin Kumar will be the first chairman of the CWRC.
•While the CWMA is an umbrella body, the CWRC will monitor water management on a day-to-day basis, including the water level and inflow and outflow of reservoirs in all the basin states. 
Role of Central Government
•The central government will provide help in implementation of the modified award in case of any of the state /UT parties (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Puducherry) do not cooperate in implementing the decision or direction of the tribunal.
•Initially, Central Government will contribute Rs. 2 crore for the functioning of the authority.

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