Economics (NCERT) Notes → Class XI

7.2 Participation of People in Employment

Why Urban Employment Figure is low?

• People in rural areas have limited resources to earn a higher income and participate more in the employment market.

• Many do not go to schools, colleges and other training institutions.

• Most of rural population discontinue in the middle to join the workforce; whereas, in urban areas, a considerable section is able to study in various educational institutions.

• Urban people have a variety of employment opportunities due to their better qualifications and skills.

• In rural areas, people cannot stay at home as they are poor.


Why are women not working as men?

• Lack of requisite qualification, knowledge and skill.

• Chances of exploitation and harassment at workplace.

• Where men are able to earn high incomes, families discourage female members from taking up jobs.

• Socially conditioned to take care of the children and family.


Different Types of Employment

• Workers who own and operate an enterprise to earn their livelihood are known as self-employed. About 52% workforce in India belongs to this category.

• The workers employed on daily basis are known as casual wage labourers; they account for 30 per cent of India’s workforce.

• When a worker is engaged by someone or an enterprise and paid his or her wages on a regular basis, they are known as regular salaried employees.


Distribution of Employment by Region

Continue reading for Free

Related Articles
• 3.2 Inequality in Poverty
• 2.3 The Problem of Unemployment
• 2.2 Quality of Population
• 2.1 People as Resource
• 1.2 Increasing Agricultural Productivity
• 5.4 Case Studies of Consumer Rights
• 5.3 Consumer Protection Act
• 5.1 Consumer Rights
• 4.4 Impact of Globalization in India
• 4.2 Foreign Trade and Integration of Markets
Recent Articles
• Q14. The Challenges of An NGO
• Q13. Protest Against An MNC
• Q11. The Difficulty of A Destitute Woman
• Q10. Rehabilitation of Adivasis
• Q9. Discharging Toxic Waste in River
• Q8. The Morality of State Bureaucracy
• Q7. Management of Anger
• Q1(b). Impartiality and Non-partisanship
• Q6. Undesirable Values Prevalent in India
• Q5. Law and Ethics for Civilized Social Existence