Solved Ethics Papers

Q6(a). More Good than Evil

Q6. What does each of the following quotations mean to you in the present context?
(a) ‘The true rule, in determining to embrace or reject anything, is not whether it has any evil in it; but whether it has more evil than good. There are few things wholly evil or wholly good. Almost everything, especially of governmental policy, is an inseparable compound of the two; so that our best judgement of the preponderance between them is continually demanded.’ Abraham Lincoln (150 words) 10
 
Answer
In the real world, good and evil are found together in every person and in every action. Therefore, whenever a policy is made, it benefits some people while adversely affects others. It is virtually impossible to make a government policy which has only beneficial effect on the people. For example, when factories, roads or dams are made, it leads to the development of the economy and creates better job opportunities for the citizens. However, the local people get displaced in the process and they suffer. Hence, policy makers must use their best judgement and choose the one which does the maximum good to the society.
 
When a decision is taken by the government, its outcome is not known and hence the decision is often criticised for the negatives it may bring rather than for the benefits it contains. However, the government must take the decision that is largely beneficial to the society even if it may cause some unintended harm to a section of the people. (166 words)
 
Q6(a). More Good than Evil
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