Solved Ethics Papers

Q5. Law and Ethics for Civilized Social Existence

Q5. Law and ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling human conduct so as to make it conducive to civilised social existence.
(a) Discuss how they achieve this objective.
(b) Giving examples, show how the two differ in their approaches. (150 words)
(a) In a civilized society, people not only take care of themselves, but also follow the norms that are required for a peaceful social existence. Social harmony is achieved by observing ethical values of the society and by following the law. When we follow ethical behaviour, we are appreciated by society and we are condemned for our unethical behaviour. The desire for appreciation and fear of condemnation motivate us to follow ethical behaviour. Laws are made for the collective good of the society and their violation invites punishment. People, therefore, obey laws to avoid punishment which reduces bad behaviour and promotes good behaviour.
(b) Laws are made by the parliament or the sovereign power and prescribe penalties for their violation. They must be obeyed by all the citizens. The criminal laws made against murder, theft, rape, kidnapping etc. ensure peace in the society. Similarly, ethical values are inculcated by our parents, teachers, friends, religious leaders and social reformers. They are followed voluntarily due to the social benefits. (165 words)
Q5. Law and Ethics for Civilized Social Existence
Looking for a One-stop Solution to prepare for ‘Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude’ and ‘Essay and Answer Writing’ for UPSC?
Buy Dr. Awdhesh Singh’s books from the links below-

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for Civil Services Examination
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Mastering Essay & Answer Writing for UPSC Civil Services
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Related Articles
• Q5(a). Trust deficit in Society
• Q4(b). Heavy Ethical Responsibility
• Q4(a). Which eminent personality has inspired you the most?
• Q3(b). Human Beings as an end in themselves
• Q2(b). Probity in Public Life
• Q1(b). Ethics in Public Life
• Q14. Girls need no Education
• Q12. Disaster at A Pilgrimage
• Q11. The Dilemma of A Pharmaceutical Company
• Q10. Appointment of A Dalit Cook
Recent Articles
• Innovation and Creativity
• Love and hatred
• Religion and Spirituality
• Tulsidas
• Bureaucrat at the Temple
• Getting Fooled for Kindness
• Burning the boat
• Three Masons
• Two Salesmen
• Bhasmasur