Essay and Answer Writing

‘Little Albert’ experiment

The ‘Little Albert’ experiment conducted in 1920 demonstrated that punishments can instill a deep fear in children.
The ‘Little Albert’ experiment was conducted by John B Watson and his partner Rosalie Rayner at Johns Hopkins University on a nine- month- old infant ‘Albert’. Initially, when a small rat was placed before Albert, he showed no fear.
When Albert was 11 months old, Watson gradually began to create fear in him. Whenever the little child touched the rat, a hammer was struck on a steel bar. The sudden loud noise would cause Albert to cry and burst into tears.
Soon after, the child developed fear of the rat itself. Instead of loving and trying to touch the rat, Albert would be scared and start crying as soon as he saw it. Watson gradually created similar conditioned reflexes with other common animals and objects until Albert feared them all. 
‘Little Albert’ experiment

Looking for a One-stop Solution to prepare for ‘Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude’ and ‘Essay and Answer Writing’ for UPSC?

Buy Dr. Awdhesh Singh’s books from the links below-

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for Civil Services Examination
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Mastering Essay & Answer Writing for UPSC Civil Services
Amazon -
Flipkart -

Related Articles
• Innovation and Creativity
• Love and hatred
• Religion and Spirituality
• Tulsidas
• Bureaucrat at the Temple
• Getting Fooled for Kindness
• Burning the boat
• Three Masons
• Two Salesmen
• Bhasmasur
Recent Articles
• Disrobing of Draupadi
• Sivi and Dove
• Ganesh and Kartikeya
• Vishwamitra and Maneka
• Criticism
• Decision making
• Q5(a). Trust deficit in Society
• Q4(b). Heavy Ethical Responsibility
• Q4(a). Which eminent personality has inspired you the most?
• Q3(b). Human Beings as an end in themselves